➔ Participation Attracts: Participation Binds 19
➔ Participation Attracts – Participation Binds
David Anderson öffnet den Blick für eine historische Bestands-
aufnahme zur Genese englischer Museen und ihrer Aufgaben.
Er fordert, dass Museumsleute sich heute wieder an die ur-
sprünglichen Ziele erinnern sollten, Toleranz und Verständnis
für ein breites Publikum zu fördern und damit Vorurteile über-
winden zu helfen.
Ein solches demokratisches Museumsverständnis erfordert
besucherorientierte Ausstellungen. Nur die Museen, die
Introduction: Participation and Relation
In 1969, the American artist Allan Kaprow participated in an experimental
workshop at the educational public television sender WGBH. His telehap-
pening Hello was originally conceived as an extended form of a happening,
in which, through the modalities of closed circuit television, different per-
sons could interact with the TV-studio at WGBH in real time from five lo-
cations in Boston. Among the people that would answer the calls from the
external locations, being connected through 27
Reduction and Participation
Three years ago, researchers at the secretive Google X lab in Mountain View, Cali-
fornia, extracted some 10 million still images from YouTube videos and fed them
into Google Brain—a network of 1,000 computers programmed to soak up the
world much as a human toddler does. Af ter three days looking for recurring pat-
terns, Google Brain decided, all on its own, that there were certain repeating cate-
gories it could identify: human faces, human bodies and … cats. (Jones 2014: 146)
1. Deep Learning
By this point, talk of
FORMS OF COOPERATION / PARTICIPATION
Forms of Cooperation / Participation deal with the social and political
dimension of design. In the 1970s, Victor Papanek coined the term Social
Design; he called for a radical decentralisation and democratisation of de-
sign. Understood as an innovative practice that could lead to social transform-
ation, the specifications of design should be determined by social needs.
Similar critical and participatory positions like Enzo Mari’s project Autopro-
gettazione transfer the power of industrial production structures with
Introduction: Objects of Citizen
Discussions of participatory practices seem to thrive in a wide range of dis-
courses: from citizen participation and DIY Citizenship (Ratto/Boler 2014),
to the Internet of Things and its object-centered participation (Engeström
2005). What these practices and their theorization share is an effort to dis-
sect the dynamics of participation. In this introduction, I would like to
briefly address three concepts that look at the logic of participation: ‘Group
Participation in Art
16 Participation in Art –Theoretical Approaches
Vienna’s Brunnenpassage is a practice site where concepts for
participation in the art world are developed and tried out for broad
sectors of the population. With recourse to debates in culture
theory, sketched out in the following are the charged sociopolitical
fi elds in which an institution such as Brunnenpassage acts. Before
making theoretical reference to underrepresentation and the
category “migrant,” cultural debates will be explored and insight
65Wer gestaltet die Gestaltung ?
E l i z a b e t h B .– N . S a n d e r s
Is Participatory Design (PD) a collection of tools and techniques,
a set of methods or is it a mindset? To answer that question, I’ll
start by addressing some preliminary questions.
What is PD and why is the interest in PD growing now?
What are the diverse perspectives on participation
in design relevant today?
Who are the participants?
Where in the design development process does
participation take place?
And how is PD practiced
8 Results and Discussion
Simply looking at individuals acts of political participation, such as marching in a
demonstration or signing an e-petition, is not enough to understand how people’s
participation repertoires are influenced by ICT. Indeed, as information, communi-
cation and participation are all mutually dependent and interactive, one also has to
research people’s information and communication practices.
Consequently, one focus of my research is on participants’ information
practices, and their practice in terms of navigation and sense-making where