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Connecting Two Separate Fields

Ethics as a Game Mechanism Wolfgang Walk As the computer game matures and grows as an art form, the question of how game designers can use ethics as a means of game motivation and thus also as a means of game mechanics becomes increasingly important. The times when de- signers could hide behind phrases like “It’s just a game” are a thing of the past. For an art form that wants to be taken seriously, it is intellectually pathetic any- way. When I started to approach the question, I quickly found out that we still know far too little about whom the

5. An Ethics of Speech? Can there be an ethical approach to public speech and argument? In recent years, as social and political norms in liberal democracies have come under fire from various quarters, the tone and quality of public discourse has become rancorous, deeply polarised, and on occasion furiously uncivil. Discomforting episodes of public discord come and go in the life of most regimes and, frequently, a common response has been the call to ‘raise the tone’ of the rhetoric, ‘show greater respect’ for opponents, emphasise more of ‘what we have in

2. Animal Minds, Cognitive Ethology, and Ethics Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff In his 1975 book Animal Liberation, Peter Singer sought to revolutionize societal treatment of nonhuman animals by arguing that animal agricul- ture and animal experimentation cause conscious pain and suffering that is real and morally significant. With his 1976 book The Question of Animal Awareness, Donald Griffin sought to revolutionize the science of animal behavior by insisting that questions about animal consciousness should be placed firmly in the foreground of a new program of

5. Mental Capacities and Animal Ethics Hans-Johann Glock 1. WHY MOR AL STATUS DEPENDS ON MENTAL CAPACITIES Do at least some non-human animals (henceforth simply ‘animals’) have minds comparable to those of humans? The question is both complex and vexed. It has exercised philosophers, scientists, theologians, lawyers, art- ists and laypeople at least since antiquity. At present it is treated intensive- ly from a variety of methodological perspectives in subjects ranging from evolutionary biology and neurophysiology through ethology, archaeology, psychology

The Ethics and Politics of Grammatical Subjectivity CHANTAL BAX 1 THE ETHICO-POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS OF RETHINKING SUBJECTIVITY Along with continental thinkers such as Heidegger, Foucault and Derrida, Witt- genstein can be held responsible for the radical reconceptualization of human sub- jectivity that has occupied much of philosophy since the previous century. Taking issue with the traditional or Cartesian view on the nature of man, these thinkers all argued that human being does not come in the form of an ethereal and isolated self; the

a thorough analysis of the practices of blog production in the Lebanese context. In the following, I outline the methods I used for my study and the material I gathered. I will also discuss the ethical challenges I encountered during my fieldwork. In chapter 2.1, I will then provide a more detailed analysis of fieldwork procedures and my role in the field. METHODS AND ETHICS OFF- AND ONLINE When talking with other researchers and with non-academics about doing a study on blogging in Lebanon, I was often confronted with the question why I needed to go

Disclosure and the ethics of dialogue in Prose Fiction Workshop Some reflections from the University of East Anglia Jean McNeil What do we mean when we think of the process of literary production – »writ- ing«, in simple language – as being in dialogue? Firstly, dialogue suggests that there are at least two speakers/listeners. Writing is clearly a form of dialogue on several levels: a dialogue between the writer and his or her self, and also a dialogue with so-called reality. Imaginative writing is also in dialogue with itself in that it refers to a

The Ethics of Memory in My Heart of Darkness ALEXANDRE DESSINGUÉ From the very beginning, the documentary film My Heart of Darkness seems to have an ambitious goal and to follow a clear path. In the English trailer for My Heart of Darkness,1 the ambition of the documentary is clearly and rapidly introduced by a short quotation with capital white letters on an empty black screen: “In search of reconciliation and forgiveness”.2 In this sense and aesthetically, there should be no doubt about the intention behind this cultural production. The film