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Zur Kritik des kolonialen Diskurses

colonial narration taken up and presented in these pretexts, and it intends to demonstrate, how concepts of gender and (insufficient) intercultural hermeneutics are conditioned by such narrative patterns. Title: The Maiden and the Stranger. Heinrich von Kleists Novella Die Verlobung in St. Domingo in Literary Context Keywords: Bodmer, Johann Jakob (1698–1783); colonial narratives/plots; gender; Gessner, Salomon (1730–1788); Herder, Johann Gottfried (1744–1803); Neger-Idyllen Der Fremde und das Mädchen: Damit sind zentrale Aspekte benannt, auf die hin Kleists kurze

contient souvent un oracle, un voyage, des rites et l’adoption ou l’institution des lois de la cité.«8 Carol Dougherty bevorzugt es von einem »narrative pattern or plot of archaic colo- nization«9 zu sprechen: »Thus, as we will see, the Greeks represent colonization as a familiar story – crisis, Delphic consultation, and resolution – and this ›emplotment‹ of the colonial narrative is one of the ways the Greeks (as a culture) authorize their common past.«10 So wichtig das Herausarbeiten zentraler Elemente der antiken Wahrnehmung auch ist, die Gefahr einer

identity appear to have originated in major slaveholding regions. In the early 1700s, Carolina colonists, many of whom had emigrated from Barbados, already divided their world into white, black, and Indians. (Shoemaker 129) However, this also means: Menasseh ben Israel sets out his ‘tale of discovery’ in the form of a colonial narrative of collective visibility.20 A narrative that ‘whit- ens’ a group in an intercultural context that since the 15th century in Europe itself had increasingly been described as dark-skinned.21 It was therefore only con- sistent that in

- Perspective curricula are now challenging these once uncontested histories through various points of view of social stakeholders, government, researchers, First Nations, immigrants, refugees and NGOs. 256 | Marianne Vardalos Challenging settler colonial narratives that first contact between Indigenous Peoples and Europeans brought mutual benefit, Ward Churchill, in his work, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas (2001), de- scribed the arrival of the Europeans this way: »On Oct. 12, 1492, the day Christopher Columbus first landed in

Problemen beschäftigt, sondern dass aus einer marginalisierten Perspektive Missstände aufgezeigt werden, die mitten ins Herz der Gesellschaft führen.’” Translated from the German by Don MacCoitir. Unbelievable Treasures 225 pression that the colonial narratives and interpretive authorities connected with the institution as a place of authoritative knowledge are gaining the upper hand in these discussions about the future of the things stored and displayed in ethno- graphic museums. This is particularly obvious in the case of the Humboldt Forum in Berlin, for which

of colonized peoples, which are more than the image colonialism imposes – is itself part of the colonial narrative. 48 To give an example: when some Algerian women return to veiling under French colo- nialism, this is seen by colonizers as part of the inherent closure and backwardness of that culture. As Fanon shows, the complex motivations for veiling are thus elided, whether as an expression of cultural or national resistance (Fanon: A Dying Colonial- ism, p. 47), a protective reaction against the violence of French colonizers, or a cover for smuggling

—full of ambivalence and discrepancies between different claims—more or less successfully enacts this strategy. The colonial narratives of indigenous bisoncide and mammothcide exist next to documents—some of which (such as Grinnell) were used by Krech— that testify to a benevolent but also complex conceptualization of human-animal relationships, and that transport evidence of Native Americans’ strong emotional and epistemological relations to their natural environment—animals, plants, landscapes. Due to the hegemony of colonial over indigenous sources, much of

. History is thus increasingly being written from the perspective of the 16 | INGRID KUMMELS, CLAUDIA RAUHUT, BIRTE TIMM, AND STEFAN RINKE region in a way that puts the spotlight on actors whose voices were silenced in colonial and early post-colonial narratives. Many contributions in this volume emphasize the importance of reflect- ing on processes of memory and memorialization. They shift our attention to the silences in historiography and remind us that hegemony and power relations determine which histories are told. Michel-Rolph Trouillot has prominently

, sources, and knowledge. In short, “originality” is always constructed in hindsight from the present perspective as original. However, through the very selective and fragmen- tary use of oral and written sources from different historical periods and localities, Betancourt successfully shows how tradition can be reworked by individual agency in terms of “re-making history” or “re-writing” history” – a history of Afrocuban religions, which according to Betancourt and many others, has been too long misrepresented by colonial narratives and hege- monic powers like the