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Perceptions of Whiteness, Homosexuality, and Democracy in South Africa
Series: Lettre
Zur Demontage des Antisemitismus in der Gegenwartsliteratur
Series: Lettre

purportedly wrested, however, from the biological determinism of eugenic viewpoints and handed over to purportedly anti-racist sociological analysis by Gilberto Freyre. Freyre has been widely cred- ited with fully developing the idea of racial democracy that dominated Brazilian race thinking from the 1930s to the early 1990s. The sociologist claimed that Bra- zilian society was unique for its smooth blending of European, Indian, and African people and cultures and free of the anti-black racism that affected the rest of the world. In Case Grande e Senzala (1986 [1933

Befi·eiung: Wahrheit, Gerechtigkeit und Versöhnung in Südafrika. Tn: Helmut König u.a. (Hg.), Vergangenheitsbewälti- gung am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts, Opladen: Westdeutscher, 350-367. - 1996: Anti-Semitism and Anti-Black Racism: Nazi Germany and Apartheid South Afi·ica. Tn: Telos, I 08, 25-46. Adam, HeribertNan Zyl Slabbert, Frederik!Moodley, Kogila 1997: Comrades in Business. Post-Liberation Politics in South Africa, Cape Town: Tafelberg. Adam, Heribe11/Moodley, Kogila 1993: The Negotiated Revolution. Society and Palifies in Post-Apartheid South Africa

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213 BIBLIOGRAPHIE Achebe, Chinua (1988): »An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness«. In: Ders., Hopes and Impediments. Selected Essays 1965-1987, London: Heinemann, 1-13. Albers, Irene/Pagni, Andrea/Winter, Ulrich (2002): »Einleitung«. In: Dies. (Hg.), Blicke auf Afrika nach 1900. Französische Moderne im Zeitalter des Kolonialismus, Tübingen: Stauffenburg, 9-26. Allolio-Näcke, Lars/Kalscheuer, Britta/Manzeschke, Arne (Hg.) (2005): Differenzen anders denken. Bausteine zu einer Kulturtheorie der Transdifferenz, Frankfurt/New York

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he has his back up against the wall of authenticity: having been insulted and formerly enslaved, he picks up the word “nigger” which was thrown at him like a stone, he draws himself erect and proudly proclaims himself a black man, face to face with whitemen. The unity which will come together, bringing all oppressed peoples together in the same struggle,must be preceded in the colonies by what I shall call themoment of separation or negativity: this anti‐racist racism is the only road that will lead to the abolition of racial differences. How could it be otherwise

“species” were equivalent.19 Kant, regrettably, exempted Africans from the duties and protections of the Categorical Imperative.20 And Renan, after a youth spent spreading the tapestry of German philology to cover the major cultures of the ancient world (“I 18 Jones, “On the Gods of Greece, Italy and India,” p. 225. 19 Georges Cuvier, Tableau élémentaire de l’histoire naturelle des animaux (Paris: Bau- douin, an 6), planche III. 20 See for example Léon Poliakov, “Racism from the Enlightenment to the Age of Im- perialism,” 55-64 in Robert Ross, ed., Racism and Colonialism

sculpture or consulted any ethnographic collections. The catalogue of “Unvergleichlich” gives the works the best form of homage: detailed, perceptive analysis. But the installation does not quite overcome the character of a publicity stunt. Cosmopolitanism wins an easy victory, unchallenged. (Not that I am calling for a prej- udiced response; there is plenty of racism to go around already.) But the African works are clearly guests in a European house. They are rel- atively few; they always appear paired with a European work, which suggests that their presence must always

seinen Zusammenhang zur Klassen- gesellschaft, aber nicht gemäß einer im eigentlichen Sinne biopolitischen Struktur. Zum Scientific Racism in Modern South Africa vgl. trotz eines (un- angebrachten) Seitenhiebs auf Coetzee: Dubow 1995. 37 J.M. (OETZEES SCHRIFTEN 1990·1999 den Heranwachsenden). Knapp ein Zehntel der Bevölkerung der Afri- lcaander starb. Auch fanden ähnlich viele Schwarze, die eigentlich von den Kriegshandlungen ausgenommen waren und keine Waffen tragen durften, den Tod. Der Südafrikanische Krieg steht so für einen nicht zu unterschätzenden

Naturwissen- schaft‹«, in: Hettche, Walter/John, Johannes/Steinsdorff, Sybille v. (Hg.): Stifter-Studien, S. 61-74. Lee, Maurice S.: »Absolute Poe: His System of Transcendental Racism«, in: American Literature. A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography, Bd. 75 (2003), Nr. 4, S. 751-781. Lehmann, Hans-Thies: »Das Erhabene ist das Unheimliche. Zur Theorie einer Kunst des Ereignisses«, in: Bohrer, Karl-Heinz: Das Erhabene nach dem Faschismus, S. 751-764. Le Rider, Jacques: Das Ende der Illusion. Die Wiener Moderne und die Krisen der Identität, Wien