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147 Political Information and Religious Skepticism in Early Modern Italy FEDERICO BARBIERATO The seventeenth century saw the unexpected revival of the classical debate con- cerning the theory of the political imposture of religion. The rapid reception of this intellectual conceit facilitated the subsequent introduction of a number of heterodox doctrines that came to typify religious dissent in that period. At the - ded within the social fabric. But by the end of the seventeenth century, its image had been radically transformed. Religion came to be considered

Political Vacuum and Interregnum in Early Modern Unrest YVES-MARIE BERCÉ Great European revolts and civil wars were often preceded by a particular institutional aspect that was unintended but more or less inherent in monarchical (or maybe any political) order: the temporary lack of central power. The last episode of the French Wars of Religion, the Russian Time of Troubles, the French Fronde and similar events are only the most visible examples of political and social disorder caused by a vacant throne. Bluntly put, the notion of a void of

109 How to Create Political Meaning in Public Spaces? Some Evidence from Late Medieval Britain JÖRG ROGGE In this paper I would like to make some remarks about the methods that had been used to create political meaning in late medieval Britain. Furthermore I will show the relevance of the public spaces for the creation of political mean- ing. This creation was for example particularly necessary in regard to the inau- guration of new monarchs. Thus I will present some political settings which had been used to introduce a new king to the public. This

Early Modern Revolts as Political Crimes in the Popular Media of Illustrated Broadsheets KARL HÄRTER The fruitful research on revolts in early modern Europe is still primarily characterised by a social historical approach, focussing on the socio-economic causes of social upheaval – especially in rural areas – as well as on the motives and activities of the disadvantaged groups or rebels.1 Recent studies also addressed the issue of how revolts and similar forms of social unrest were represented in public media, taking into account how the

Quietis publicae perturbatio: Revolts in the Political and Legal Treatises of the sixteenth and seventeenth Centuries FABRIZIO DAL VERA 1. CRIMINALIZATION OF THE COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE: AN OVERVIEW The evolution of penal law during the early modern age in Europe shows that from the beginning of the sixteenth century there was an extensive use of crimen laesae maiestatis in order to punish and repress many kinds of crime.1 Even minor crimes, previously not seen as a problem by the authorities, began to be considered as an offence against the State

More than Resistance: Political Humour Under Stalin in the 1930s1 JONATHAN WATERLOW When used as a historical source, the political humour of populations living under repressive regimes is almost always interpreted as evidence of some kind of popular »resistance« to state power, restrictions, or norms. This ten- dency finds reflection throughout different areas of scholarship: whether for Hitler’s Germany (cf. Hillenbrand 1995), Franco’s Spain (cf. Pi-Sunyer 1977), the post-slavery United States (cf. Levine 1977), or, according to

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The Rise and Fall of Lamb Blood Transfusion in 19th Century Medicine and Beyond
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