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2 The Political Theory of Democracy* Pierre Rosanvallon INTRODUCTION I propose to define political theory as a specific field within the social sciences dedicated to the analysis of the political. It must be differentiated from political science, the object of which is politics. As I understand the term, the “political” is at once a field and a project. As a field, it refers to a site where the multiple threads of human life come together, so that their activities and discourses can be under- stood in a comprehensive framework. It exists by

20 Barbara Paul, Johanna Schaffer Introduction: Queer as a Visual Political Practice Translated by Erika Doucette, translation edited by Charlotte Eckler Of Paradoxes and Solidarities Queer Added (Value). Visual Culture, Art, and Gender Politics discusses the critical and enabling potential of queer1 and queer-feminist politics of images and art. A central point of departure is examining how visual argumentations interact with legal and political discourses. By focusing on the relations between visual and political argumentations we intend to contribute to

3 Thinking and Researching Political Borders In the introduction to this study, I have already noted that the methodological un- certainty that one encounters when researching an external EU border is further complicated by the spectral character of any border. This spectral character re- fers to the phenomenological indeterminacy and fuzziness of borders in general. This is to say that there is no phenomenon of a border as such. Consequently, borders are only tangible and experienceable by their proxy or representation (cf. Cremers 1989: 38

5 Morals Matter: Cultural Politics Compared A look at the discursive practices of the cultural movements in South- ern Thailand reveals fascinating parallels. Both movements take their main inspiration from religion. Local intellectuals in Songkla take their main inspiration from Buddhism. Leading religious leaders in Pattani draw on Islam. Most interestingly, the teachings of Phra Bhudhadhasa and orthodox Islamic intellectualism are both reform-minded, rational versions of their religious systems and seek a radical re-interpretation of their religious doctrine

Marking subjectivity in interviews on political engagement Interpretive logics and the metapragmatics of identity JAN ZIENKOWSKI 1. INTRODUCTION In the humanities it has become commonplace to argue that the self in- volves multiple processes of identification. No matter whether we talk about the individual as being constituted by a multiplicity of communica- tive or social roles, by a polyphony of voices, by a variety of performances and strategies, or by a set of discursive interpellations, it has become quite acceptable to argue for the

2 Everyday: Changed Social and Political Figures As the media analyses have shown, complicities do not always lead to the spectacular coup, but are also ubiquitous as everyday practice. We become allies in order to develop and implement new ideas, tackle adverse situations and design new aesthetics, usually accompanied by a putting into question of hierarchies. From this perspective it is appropriate to ask to what extent complicity’s increased occurrence can be classified as part of larger social contexts and their transformations. Complicitous

Sami Zubaida: Islam in Europe: Political and Cultural Orientations | 141 Islam in Europe: Political and Cultural Orientations Sami Zubaida Questions regarding Islam in Europe, or, alternatively, European Islam, are often couched in conceptual and political terms which relate to culture, multi-cultural- ism, modernity and ›alternative modernities‹. Before proceeding to a substantive discussion of political and cultural aspects of Islam in Europe I shall elucidate my conceptual approach to these general questions of modernity and cultural

Urban Politics on the Fault Line Istanbul’s Exposure to Seismic Risks Lukas Griessl “DEPREM TOPLANMA ALANIMA DOKUNMA!” One day – maybe tomorrow, maybe decades from now – a major earthquake will hit the city of Istanbul. According to the Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD, Afet ve Acil Durum Yönetimi Başkanlığı), this earthquake is estimated to cause up to 30,000 deaths and could leave more than 2 million people homeless (Winter 2019). Importantly, the materiality and fragility of the city are expected to cause the catastrophe – not the

103 Human Equality in Modern Chinese Polit ical Thought DENNIS SCHILLING Introduct ion Human equality is one of the most important ideas in modern political theory, demarcating the change from older conceptions based on the ex- cellence of certain individuals in accordance with metaphysical, religious or traditional beliefs. Human equality, however, is still a highly disputed idea. From a logical point of view, the uncertainty results from both the polyvalent logical structure of the concept of equality and its prescriptive usage. Equality is a tripartite

The Political Contradictions of Second Modernity Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger In the fall of 2008, in the shadow of the collapse of global financial markets, the German sociologist Ulrich Beck gave a speech at Harvard University that was, in roughly equal measure, a scathing indictment of global capitalism and a hopeful exploration of the possibilities that a new transnational political and eco nomic order might arise from the wreckage of the global financial crisis and the in- creasing contradictions of a hegemonic neo-liberal economic paradigm