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does have pal- pable effects on political participation. Those effects will be the focus of the next chapter. 2.2 Internet and Politics Over the last two decades, the Internet has not only transformed the ways in which people inform themselves and communicate with each other, but has also offered the potential to enrich existing political systems through new forms of democracy, as debates around digital and liquid democracy have illustrated (cf. Plaum 148). The hopes connected to electronic information and communication technologies were high.14 In this chapter

Political Order of the Multitude Hobbes, Spinoza and the Arab Spring Pawel Marczewski When events labelled later as the Arab Revolution swept Tunisia, Egypt, and other countries, some observers were far from optimistic. Long before the out- break of protests against autocratic regimes, many scholars and commentators ex- pressed scepticism about the prospects of democratic transformation in the re- gion. As Fareed Zakaria put it in 2004, »[t]he Arab world today is trapped between autocratic states and illiberal societies, neither of them fertile ground for

The contested politics of planning Ideology and power, accumulation and representation The above chapter has clearly shown that preconditions to guiding the contem- porary city are tough. Urban agglomerations need to be considered as complex processes in many terms. They interact and compete on various spatial scales for diverse scarce resources and are characterized by value-diversity, fragmented identities and social imbalances. Reasonably, the planning discipline started to re-arrange its approaches of how to guide and direct urban development under

Ethnicity as a political resource Indigenous rights movements in Africa MICHAELA PELICAN Three lines of argument have been prominent in the study of ethnicity, depending on the scholarly viewpoint: first, that ethnicity is a collective identity that is based on shared meanings and cultural practices and that engenders a sense of belonging (Geertz 1963); second, that ethnicity is socially constructed and may be used or abused for political purposes (Cohen 1974; Brubaker 2002); and third, that ethnicity emerges from the interplay of different

The Politics and Anti-politics of HIV interventions in Kenya Ruth J. Prince INTRODUCTION Following the disputed elections of December 2007, the price of food in Kenya rose steeply, as the ensuing political violence disrupted food production and distribution networks. During 2008, the price of a kilogram of maize flour doubled.1 At the same time, the Kenyan media reported on several large-scale corruption scandals, involving government officials and politicians with financial links to maize brokers. It was alleged that maize had been sold at discounted

The Political Affinities of AI Dan McQuillan Introduction We need a radical politics of AI, that is, a politics of artificial neural networks. AI acts as political technology, but current efforts to characterise it take the form of liberal statements about ethics. Issues of bias in AI are treated as questions of fair- ness, as if society is already a level playing field that just needs to be maintained. Transparency and accountability are seen as sufficient to correct AI problematics (ACM FAT 2019), as if it is being introduced into well-functioning and

5 Raumbezüge von contentious politics Die bisherigen theoretischen Erörterungen behandelten Hintergründe, Realitäten und Barrieren von Demokratie im Allgemeinen und auf städtischer Ebene. Da- rauf aufbauend stand im Mittelpunkt, ideale Elemente emanzipatorischer Praxis zu identifizieren. Abschließend begebe mich nun von einer Ebene der Makroer- klärung stärker auf eine praxisnahe Ebene, um alltägliche mikropolitische Hand- lungen einfangen zu können. Aus diesem Grund werden die Raumbezüge der Akteur*innen vertiefend unter die Lupe genommen. Dadurch

Zur Definition von Style Politics In diesem Kapitel werde ich die theoretischen Grundlagen meiner Arbeit erläu- tern. Zunächst lege ich mein Verständnis von Style und dem Politischen dar. Da- nach behandle ich die Performativitätstheorie und diskutiere, inwiefern diese für eine Geschichtsschreibung afroamerikanischer Style Politics von 1943 bis 1975 fruchtbar gemacht werden kann. Ich greife dabei die Debatte um die Kulturge- schichte des Politischen auf, die seit den 1990er Jahren in der Geschichtswissen- schaft im deutschsprachigen Raum mit

Cultural Nationalism und Style Politics HYPE UM DASHIKIS Im Zuge der großen Visibilität der Black Power-Bewegung Mitte der 1960er Jahre gelangte ein Kleidungsstück innerhalb des Cultural Nationalism zu großer Prominenz: der sogenannte Dashiki. Dies war ein farbenfrohes, breit geschnitte- nes Hemd, welches als einer der zentralen Signifikanten für den afrikanischen Kontinent und für Schwarzsein gelesen wurde. Henry Delton Williams eröffnete 1968 in Oakland den ersten Dashiki-Shop der Bay Area. Über seine Beweggrün- de, Dashikis herzustellen

Dealing with Politics in Palestine The Zan al-ʾAn Comics Project in Ramallah ANNA GABAI INTRODUCTION In Edward Said’s introduction to the 2001 edition of the graphic novel Palestine by the multi-award winning Maltese-American journalist Joe Sacco,1 Said relates an interesting personal experience with comics. He remembers how comics caused a small revolution in his imagination, as he discovered in his adolescence the American superheroes and their adventures. For Said, who went to a British school and came from a family in which education had